初二英语下册第二单元知识点

更新时间:2022-08-13 20:10:03 八年级

一丶重点短语

1.argue v.争论;争吵 argue with sb.与某人吵架

I argued with my best friend.我和我的好朋友吵架了。

2.① either adv.(用于否定句)也

He doesn’t have any money, and I don’t, either.他没有钱,我也没有。

I can’t play chess. She can’t, either.我不会下国际象棋,她也不会。

② too 也(用于肯定或疑问句)

I’m a teacher.He is a teacher, too.我是老师,他也是老师。

3.ask (sb.)for sth.向某人寻求某物;要……

Don't ask for food every day.Go and find some work. 别天天要饭,找点儿工作做。

I don’t think you should ask your parents for some money.我想你不应向父母要钱。

4.the same as... 与……相同 (注意前后两个比较对象的属性保持一致)

The clothes are the same as my friends'.这些衣服与我朋友的一样。

Tom is the same age as Anna.= Tom is as old as Anna. 汤姆和安娜一样大。

Her backpack is the same as mine. 她的背包与我的一样。

5.except 除……以外;(不包括……在内)

My class has been invited except me.除我以外,我的同学都被邀请了。

All the students went to the park except him.除了他之外,全体同学都去过公园了。

They all traveled America except her. 除了她以外,所有的学生都去美国旅行过。

注意区别:besides 除……以外,还有...(包括在内)

We all went there besides him.除他去以外,我们也都去了。

(= He went there.We went there, too.) 他也去了,我们也去了!/大家都去了!

There are five more visitors besides me.除了我之外还有5名访客 (加上我是6个)

6.wrong adj.错误的;有毛病的;不合适的

─ What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?(你哪里不舒服?)

─ I've got a headache.我头痛。

What’s wrong with your watch? It doesn't work.你的手表怎么了?它不走了。

注意:What’s the matter with you?= What’s wrong with you ?=What’s the trouble with you? 你怎么了?/你出什么事了?

7.get on(well) with sb.与某人相处(融洽)

get on ( well ) with sth 某事进展地好

The students will get on well with the teacher.学生会和老师相处得非常好。

How are you going on with your new friends? 你和你的新朋友相片如何 ?

These days ,Mr Green gets on well with his new job.

这些天,格林先生的工作进展很顺利

8.have a fight with sb.= fight with sb.与某人打架

I don‘t want to have a fight with my cousin. 我不想和我的堂兄打架。

They never fight with each other.They are really good friends.

他们从不打架,他们的确是好朋友。二、主要句型(Key Sentences Structures)

What should I do? You could write him a letter.

What should he do? Maybe he should say sorry to him

What should they do? They shouldn't argue.

三、词语辨析

1. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人处借进某物 (借回来)

lend sth. to sb. = lend sb. sth 把某物借给某人 (借出去)

注: borrow sth. from sb. 是指该句的主语从别人处(往里)借进某物

例:He borrowed the dictionary from Lucy yesterday. 他昨天从露西处借了那本字典.

lend sth. to sb. = lend sb. sth.

是指该句的主语把某物(往外)借给别人用

例如:Could you lend me your car?

=Could you lend your car to me?

请你借给我你的车用一下好吗?

2. ①get sb. to do… 使……做(以人为对象时,有“说服……使做……”的含义)

He could get a tutor to come to his home. 他可以请一位家庭教师来他家。

You’ll never get her to agree. 你决不可能使她同意。

②ask sb. to do… 邀请(人)做……

We asked her to come to our party.我们请她来参加聚会

③ tell sb. to do…让某人做某事 例如:

The teacher told him to finish the work that day. 老师那天让他完成那项工作。

3、be in style 时髦的,流行的

be out of style 过时的,不时髦的

例: Look! Her new dress is in style.她的新裙子很时髦。

Those clothes are out of style. 那些衣服过时了。四、课文解释

1、I don’t want to surprise him. 我不想让他感到意外。

此处surprise是及物动词 surprise sb. 使某人感到吃惊

eg. My friend always surprises me.

2、talk about it on the phone 用电话就此事进行交流

On the phone 在电话里 。不能使用 in the phone、

eg. They talk about a lot on the phone yesterday.

他们昨天在电话里谈了很多

3、call sb. (up) =give sb. a call 给某人打电话

4、write sb. a letter = write a letter to sb. 给某人写信

5、give him a ticket to a ball game.给他一张观看球赛的入场券 (注意to 译为:...的)

eg. They got two tickets to tonight’s show. 他们搞了两张今晚表演的入场券。

6、She has the same haircut as I do. 她和我有相同的发型。

eg. Tim has the same clothes as his brother does.提姆和他的弟弟有相同的衣服。

7、find out (经过某人的研究、努力)发现,查出,找出

You should find out the answer for yourself.你应该自己去找答案。

8、Everyone else in my class was invited except me.

除了我以外,我们班其他别的人都接到了邀请(信)

此句中else一词不能单独使用,它必须跟在不定代词像“someone, anyone nobody”等词的后面,或跟在特殊疑问词像“what, where”等词的后面使用意思是“别的”

eg. What else 别的什么, Who else 其他谁 someone else 其他人

9、I can’t think what I did wrong. 我真想不出我做错了什么。

此句中 what I did wrong是宾语从句,应用陈述语序 (即 :主语+动词)

10、I’m very upset and don’t know what to do.我很沮丧,不知该干什么。

此句中 what to do是不定式作know的宾语,可用宾语从句来代替。可以说成“I don’t know what I should do.”

请背熟以下两个常见结构: I don’t know what to do .我不知道该做什么。

I don’t know how to do it. 我不知道该怎么去做它。

11、There are a lot of things you could do. 有许多你能做的事。

此句中 you could do是定语从句,修饰前面的名词“things”

12、You left your homework at home.你把你的作业落在家里了。

leave sth. +介词短语,是“把……忘在,落在(某处)的意思。

eg. He left his umbrella on the bus.他把伞忘在公交车上。

注:千万不能根据汉语的说法写为:forget sth ,只能用leave sth.’表示“落下”

13、You should try to be funny. 你应该试着幽默一些。

Try to do…努力做,试着做,尽量做

而try not to do 是尽量不做……

eg. Please try not to be late again. 请尽量不要再迟到。

14、Their school days are busy enough. 他们的学校生活是够忙的。

enough必须放在形容词/副词的后面,表示“足够……的” (后置)

eg. He is tall enough to reach that apple. 他足够高的可以够着那个苹果。

15、be under too much pressure. 在太多的压力下

16、see other children doing a lot of things 看别的孩子在做许多事

see sb. doing 看见某人正在干某事 (强调动作正在进行)

See sb do sth 看见某人做过某事 (强调动作已结束)

eg. We saw them playing basketball at that time.那时我们看见他们在打篮球

17、find it hard to do sth. 发现做……(事)很难

He found it hard to learn math well. 他发现学好数学很难

注:it 初中阶段常作:形式主语 /形式宾语 ,而句子真正的主语/宾语则由to do 来担当.

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